Polar plankton evolution (VANOSTERHOUT_U19DTP)
- Research Area Frontier Bioscience
- Partner The University of East Anglia (UEA)
Prof Cock van Oosterhout -
- Application Deadline 26/11/2018
Marine phytoplankton has a huge biodiversity and biomass, yet despite its biological importance, these species remain woefully understudied. We were the first to sequence the genome of a polar phytoplankton species, and what we discovered shocked the scientific community. Firstly, we found that the genome of this species is fundamentally different from the genomes of other “model” species. We detected an overwhelming signature of positive selection, and discovered that a large proportion of its genes is evolving by natural selection, rather than by genetic drift. This finding flies in the face of the most fundamental theory of evolution, Kimura’s (1968) Neutral Theory. It thus appears that the theory developed based on studies of classical model species (e.g. Drosophila) might be inadequate to understand the evolution of marine phytoplankton. Secondly, we discovered that this marine phytoplankton species employs its genetic variation in a unique manner which offers a significant evolutionary advantage; it can express alternative sets of alleles depending on the environment the organism encounters (Mock et al. 2017. Nature 541, 536-540).
The PhD student will be analysing the genomes of marine phytoplankton of the Arctic and Antarctic Oceans. You will be conduction evolutionary genomic analysis to understand how life has adapted to these extreme conditions in the polar oceans. You will be based at the UEA and be part of a large international group of scientists who are studying the adaptive evolution of marine organisms. We are looking for a highly-motivated student with a good understanding of evolution and bioinformatics. Interested? Please contact Prof. Cock van Oosterhout (firstname.lastname@example.org) for an informal chat or further info.