How do plants make Earth's most abundant organosulfur molecule? (TODD_U19DTP)
- Research Area Agriculture and Food Security
- Partner The University of East Anglia (UEA)
Dr Jonathan Todd -
- Application Deadline 26/11/2018
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) is an antistress compound with key roles in global nutrient and sulfur cycling, signaling and climate. DMSP functions as an osmoprotectant, cryoprotectant, protectant against oxidative stress and a grazing deterrent. Saltmarshes are global hotspots for DMSP production because Spartina grass growing there produce high intracellular concentrations of DMSP. Despite knowing the biochemical pathway for DMSP synthesis in these plants the key enzyme identities remain undiscovered.
This PhD aims to identify the two key Spartina DMSP synthesis enzymes. These enzymes, known as S-methyl-methionine decarboxylase (SDC) and DMSP-amine oxidase (DOX), are the only enzymes missing from common plants. The PhD student will be taught how to use molecular and biochemical techniques (e.g., RNA-seq) to identify candidate SDC and DOX genes. They will identify functional genes through cloning and enzymology and study their expression in the host plant in response to environmental conditions. Training will be given to transfer these genes into e.g. Arabidopsis, and thus the potential to make DMSP. Using analytical chemistry, they will characterise the ability of the transgenic lines to produce DMSP and will study the growth and the physiology of the lines to determine if environmental factors, e.g., temperature, salinity, oxidative stress and drought, affect their productivity and growth. In the modern world, the ability to produce crops in sub-optimal saline/drought ridden environments, not currently suitable for agriculture, is of high importance.
Training will be provided at UEA and JIC by Brearley, Osbourn, Miller and Todd in plant physiology, molecular biology, metabolomics and the skills required to study Arabidopsis and Spartina.